A Ultimate Guide to Web Development : PHP vs Drupal vs WordPress vs Laravel vs Joomla
Though the discussion on better content management system and framework would never end, we would like to give one anonymous try, keeping our Internet family in mind, so as to make their vision clear regarding these frameworks/CMSs.
All we have in this world of development are just different paths to reach the same or similar destination. The destination is nothing but an ‘A Web Application’, and to choose one perfect path for it in the safest way possible is a matter of discussion for all, that we’ll try to solve here.
Our desires and demands increase while the will to pay for it decreases and that’s a trending human tendency. As people want the full-time accessibility over the code, which is certainly not served by all of the options available for development. But everyone wishes for it.
People find the most reliable platform in development which can give them complete access to their content as well as a liberty to develop their choice of design without having required programming knowledge.
Let’s go through some niche notes of these platforms and figure out the best as per the requirements of our website and through our intellects.
Beginning with something very basic which is in very raw form to learn about-
As far as developers are concerned, a core programming language from a grass root level is the best thing to learn. Later, when it comes for the shorter routes of development, the CMSs and Frameworks are then there for it.
Despite a core language, there are numerous legendary websites which are built up of PHP because of certain reasons-
- A Core language renders your complete accessibility over your content and code as well unless you are a programmer yourself, else you may not be able to understand or manipulate any changes.
- PHP coded programs do not depend on browser technologies and therefore renders you the liberty to choose any server.
- The browser would never know that the HTML page is generated in PHP.
- Open source and powerful library support make it one of the most used language.
Any famous thing possesses one quality at least, for which it is known everywhere. Ever wondered for WordPress? What does WordPress have so?
WordPress came to the market and had managed to set a preamble for itself stating itself ‘the easiest framework for every person, either beginners or experts, with a wish to build the most complex website’.
Being an open source CMS, the largest library of solutions today is said to be of WordPress only. More than 57% of websites today are built with WordPress. No wonder why it is recognized as the most used CMS all over the world.
It is written in Php and supports UNIX and Windows OS with an easy to manage approach for content. It is free and reliable, but the code errors are to be cured by the developer only, unlike Laravel, which is full of inbuilt capabilities in a manner that most of the codes get cured automatically.
The functionality of WordPress is vastly dependent on plugins and extensions; therefore, we can say that WordPress is not an independent CMS.
Because of available plugins and extensions, there is not a steep learning curve to learn in it, unlike others.
Undoubtedly, WordPress is best for beginners, but we cannot deny the fact that the popularity of WordPress is very much because of a boom it got due to its non-technical ness.
“Non-technical ness means; a person doesn’t require to be a technical geek for building a website on WordPress.”
Disadvantages include its dependency on plugins and extensions. Also, the security factor is based on an update of an extension, while Joomla or Laravel comes with their own security patches with the expected threats.
Though its themes are already equipped with the basics of SEO, yet customization and authentication again are plugin dependent attributes.
Consequently, this dependency seems like a boundary from a perspective, but the library behind WordPress make things easier for it at any level of complexity.
How to install WordPress?
- Download the software from WordPress.org.
- Upload the required files to the server that you brought using FTP.
- Create a database accordingly for it and configure the software to interconnect with the database itself.
- Installation is completed, here now you can begin with your new website.
Drupal is explicitly not for beginners. As it is made for fast and rapid performance, it is considered as one of the most advanced, open source project community run software.
It does offer a lot of customization which is very easy to implement, indirectly provides better control over the website.
Though its installation, premium themes, and plugins are free, yet you have to pay for programming because Drupal is not a WordPress family that any non-technical person could manage and create a website on his own.
It requires a thorough knowledge of HTML, CSS, and Php, therefore, is considered as most difficult but also attributed as the most powerful one of all others.
In terms of ease of use, Drupal would be the last but would attain the first position in performance.
Security module makes reports on its security issues and status, XML sitemap module and SEO checklist assists in SEO here likewise YOAST SEO does in WordPress. SEO support is present in Drupal through separate extensions in it.
Scalability is another aspect where most of the websites fall down due to sudden changes in traffic. Drupal here is the best option, reportedly known for its super-scalability. No doubt why whitehouse.gov and weather.com are built in Drupal.
How to install previous Drupal versions older than Drupal 8?
- Drupal alike others need a server prior to installation. Therefore, do not forget to do the needful.
- Install the pre-required files to run the installation process.
- Install Php libraries with composer which may not cause any error in case you have installed other files (in step 2) using GitHub.
- Create a database
- Set up the web server and Php to work together
- Run the installation script
- Check the status at Administration > Reports > Status report.
- Set trusted hosts patterns, create files directories
How to install DRUPAL 8?
- Get the code and install the dependencies with the composer.
- Create a database and configure your installation.
- Run the installer and check your status.
- Add composer to an existing site.
As far as market demand is concerned, one with rapid production and attractive interface rules over the throne. And Joomla is a complex CMS with relatively time-consuming development frequency in comparison to WordPress especially.
Yes, there are a few areas where Joomla is appreciated over WordPress as well till date is for its security extensions.
Joomla is not only renowned for the best documentation but also provides some superb extensions with known security vulnerabilities, where WordPress lags behind it.
Documentation here refers to the solutions or explanations for learners to understand the code.
Joomla in comparison with WordPress and Drupal comes in the middle of both due to its moderate complexity.
Having one more benefit of compatibility as it does ship with the SSL connection and 2FA both, while WordPress, in this case, may require an updated plugin for that, which is a long process.
How to install JOOMLA?
- You need to have WAMP/LAMP or any server first to install Joomla on your PC.
- Make sure to install Php through it, followed by Joomla from Joomla.org.
- Create a database.
- Set up the web server and Php to work together.
- Run the installation and get the required software ready.
Laravel is an open source framework and not a CMS, written in Php which supports cross-platform operating systems, unlike WordPress which requires UNIX & Windows for its execution.
Being introduced in an era of online web applications i.e. around 2011, it was built with those requirements which are a niche for web applications say ‘fast and attractive development and UI’ respectively.
It is well known for its MVC architecture, which allows the developer emphasis over the website and understands the logic behind the code keeping the presentation aside through it.
MVC stands for ‘Model View Controller’, and each term has its separate significance while development.
The Model here just responds to the data queries related to the database. While the View manages to fetch data from the Model and transforms it in a suitable form for the user interface. The Controller at the same time works as a receiver as it catches the input and calls the data from Model or the database.
All three in combination work as a team to provide a better projection of a website in front of a developer and makes it easier to work on a larger project without a basic structure.
There are some limitations of LARAVEL unlike its competitors like Zend, Symphony and CodeIgniter which are tested frameworks, whereas Laravel is yet a developing framework with possible bugs or errors anywhere.
Also, people who were seen migrating towards Laravel from their previous framework are very limited and modification loving in nature so determined as well, else migrating from one framework to Laravel and starting everything again in Php from the beginning is not an easy task.
How to install LARAVEL?
- As usual, any CMS requires a server prior to installation.
- Thus, once the Composer is installed, you need to download the latest version of Laravel (whichever is available),
- Also make sure to get the supportive Php version due to the latest Laravel version, as sometimes Php version does not match with the Laravel one.
- Extract out the required files into your server.
- Run the ‘composer install’ command or ‘Php composer.phar install’ command to install the dependencies.
A QUICK COMPARISON
The table above shows some ideal statistics of each assuming all the other necessary requirements like Php installer, hardware configuration, and better internet speed. Therefore, stats may vary with reality.
Apparently, every open source framework and content management system is available free of cost but you may need to charge if your website requires some unique and professional functionality or theme which comes after payment only.
As in WORDPRESS, a lot of stuff is free to use but as I said before, something sensible will demand some cost as well, hence, WORDPRESS has some premium plugins, themes which are capable of giving your website an official look which could impact your business growth indirectly.
Who knows what quality would attract a customer?
An analysis says about the premium features available on WORDPRESS may range between $29 to $299 whereas an average cost for a professional website would be around $100.
Charges on JOOMLA are found equivalent to WORDPRESS by the developers. As far as programming solutions are concerned, JOOMLA asks for a technical person to solve its issues which may charge you some amount while WORDPRESS is comparatively an amicable CMS.
DRUPAL, in this case, is quite spendthrift in nature, as it is one of the most difficult CMS in terms of development, it would definitely ask you to spend money for an expert unless you are the one.
Basic plugins and extensions are not required to be mentioned free of cost separately for each CMS, because every CMS does offer a few things for free, so does Drupal do.
LARAVEL is believed as an open source framework thus, may not require much amount to develop a website yet due to its MVC structure, developers ask for some additional sluggish amount.
Migration from one CMS to another was a matter of discussion for two groups, first is of newcomers and second is of those who are just done with a CMS, trying to expand their work and finding their current CMS incapable of expansion.
Apparently, there is no such tool which could migrate your complete content without much efforts. Whoever has ever tried to migrate from one CMS to another, had to work completely from scratch and rebuild the website into another CMS.
Each CMS has its own efficiency and area of strength like WORDPRESS is better for big forums, blog websites while JOOMLA is considered good for e-commerce but requires some technical assistance beside it. DRUPAL and Core Php are best for a professional website whereas people opt for LARAVEL for the best scalability and mobile app development.
We should realize that trends and demands usually get changed very easily, but their usefulness never gets obsolete. Therefore, we should also understand the fact that this discussion will never end, neither will it ever draw a result.
Because, every other CMS or Framework is proficient of something, but then the other one recovers the deficiency with another capability that the first one doesn’t have.
MAAN possesses the expertise for all the above-mentioned platforms, also have already served hundreds of projects on them and ramifying consistently in progress since 2012 all over the globe. We as an experienced organization suggest our future clients as well as our previous customers to prepare a list of what attributes, functions and targets you are looking for in and through your application.
“Have a vision set, leave the confusion & find the conclusion”